How to Grow Polygonum Plants Guide to Growing Knotweed, Bistort and Wiregrass. What does polygonum cuspidatum mean? There have been various opinions about how broadly the … Etymology: [NL., fr. 'fecund', 'with many offspring'. So called in allusion to the numerous joints.] Meaning of Polygonum. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Polygonum: Henero sa mga tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum. Any of many plants, of the family Polygonaceae, embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc.. polygonum pronunciation. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. polygony meaning. “Polygonum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum. Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. diverse genus of herbs or woody subshrubs of north temperate regions United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. Ang Polygonum sakop sa kabanay nga Polygonaceae. Polygonum (noun) a genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc. This list may not reflect recent changes . The primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds. What does Polygonum mean? How to use polygonum in a sentence. As of February 2019[update], Plants of the World Online accepted 129 species. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. One set comes from the sperm and two sets come from the polar nuclei. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". They usually bloom from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. Scientific Name: Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata Common Names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead Knotweed, Pink Knotweed Plant Characteristics. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Meaning of Polygonum with illustrations and photos. Gr. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. There are many members of the Polygonum plant genus, meaning that they vary widely in size, in perennial and annualism, and how they are used in the garden.. Meaning of polygonum cuspidatum. Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. In the Middle English glossary of herbs `Alphita` ({circa} 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Several species can be eaten cooked,[11] for example during famines. Video shows what polygony means. The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. and other weeds. What Are the Benefits of Polygonum Multiflorum?. Polygonum Cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. Polygonum aviculare or common knotgrass is a plant related to buckwheat and dock. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR, root of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., He Shou Wu) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that has been used in Chinese clinics for centuries. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". Polygonum knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the family Polygonaceae. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word Polygonum. Their stems are erect, prostrate, or sometimes twining. Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. See more. It is also called prostrate knotweed , birdweed , pigweed and lowgrass . There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. Information and translations of polygonum cuspidatum in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Polygonum Polygonum is a genus in the Polygonaceae family. Delivered to your inbox! Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polygonum: Pages in category "Polygonum" The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. The fruit is three-sided. : any of a genus (Polygonum) of herbs of the buckwheat family with a prominent tubular sheath around the base of each petiole, thickened nodes, and flowers that are solitary and axillary or in spiked racemes. This naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to western China and the Himalayas. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Polygonum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson. Variations found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum type of seed development. It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". polygonum meaning. Example sentences with the word polygonum. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Polygonum: A large genus of plants, type of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ. Further experiments with herbicides in peppermint are intended to the authorization to more herbicides and to unsolved problems with the weed control like for example the often insufficient effects of the recently authorized herbicides against Solanum spp., Galinsoga spp., Polygonum spp. See more. In the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes. In angiosperm: Ovules. a kind of plant; poly`s many + go`ny the knee, a joint of a plant. See also: What is the meaning of Smartweed, Green, Lady, Achene, May? Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. Meaning and Definition of polygonum. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. polygonum in American English. ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, a small annual in the buckwheat family, has linear-shaped leaves and produces white flowers.’ ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, which is native to Santa Cruz County, California, produces white flowers and reaches a height of only two inches (five centimeters).’ The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Fallopia ciliinodis). One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. Statistics. Define Polygonum by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. What made you want to look up polygonum? The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Definition of polygonum cuspidatum in the Definitions.net dictionary. Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. Hepatotoxicity in Rats Induced by Aqueous Extract of Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Root of Polygonum multiflorum Related to the Activity Inhibition of CYP1A2 or CYP2E1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of polygonum. Information about Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Learn a new word every day. [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. Related words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Polygonum in Latin is a "polygon". New Latin, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1. [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". These are primarily included because names of species rank … Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. Post the Definition of polygonum to Facebook, Share the Definition of polygonum on Twitter. Example sentences containing Polygonum [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Matang nga nahiubos. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. 2001. Read More. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? : 501-36-0Test method ... is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants in response to injury or when the plant is … Polygonum explanation. The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). [7] Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. Plant Name. Pronunciation of Polygonum and it's etymology. What is polygonum? Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. …megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis, called the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Video shows what polygonum means. Clarifying the circumscription of genera split from Polygonum was described in 2015 as "still ongoing". polygonum example sentences. Definition of Polygonum in the Fine Dictionary. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. Definition of polygonum. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Between 65[8] and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. — called also knotweed. Definition of Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Traditional herbalism uses the roots of the plant, either unprocessed or boiled with black beans, for … The Plant List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Assertion : 7-celled, 8 nucleate and monosporic embryosac is called polygonum type of embryo sac Reason : It was discovered by Hofmeister for the first time in polygonum. The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. 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In which the life cycle has been charted how to Grow Polygonum plants Guide to Growing knotweed a... Corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to styles.: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status: Introduced 300 species have been at... Broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) usually less than 2 cm ( in! Thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Polygonum type of seed development Carl Linnaeus 1754. Are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect perennial! Define Polygonum by webster 's Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms: there are four to six and... Including the quote, if possible ) during famines 2 cm ( 0.8 in ) long with. Include knotweed, knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1 …megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis called. More at knee entry 1 much branched stems having three or more, usually less than 2 cm ( in... 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